Hernia surgery is a common procedure to repair hernias, which occur when an organ or tissue protrudes through a weak spot in the abdominal muscles. Understanding what to expect before, during, and after the surgery can help ease any concerns and ensure a smooth recovery.

Hernia Surgery: What to Expect Before, During, and After the Procedure

Before the Surgery

  1. Consultation and Diagnosis: Your surgeon will conduct a thorough examination, review your medical history, and possibly order imaging tests like an ultrasound or CT scan to confirm the diagnosis and plan the surgery.
  2. Preoperative Instructions: You will receive specific instructions on how to prepare for surgery. This may include fasting for a certain period before the procedure, stopping certain medications, and arranging for someone to drive you home after the surgery.
  3. Medical Clearance: Depending on your overall health, you may need clearance from your primary care physician or specialists, particularly if you have underlying conditions such as diabetes or heart disease.

During the Surgery

  1. Anesthesia: Hernia surgery can be performed under local, regional, or general anesthesia. Your surgeon will discuss the best option for you.
  2. Procedure: The surgery can be done through open repair or minimally invasive laparoscopic techniques.
    • Open Repair: The surgeon makes an incision near the hernia, pushes the protruding tissue back into place, and repairs the weakened area with stitches or mesh.
    • Laparoscopic Repair: The surgeon makes several small incisions and uses a camera and specialized instruments to repair the hernia, often resulting in less postoperative pain and a quicker recovery.
  3. Duration: The surgery typically lasts between 30 minutes to 2 hours, depending on the complexity of the hernia and the surgical method used.

After the Surgery

  1. Recovery Room: After the procedure, you will be monitored in a recovery room until the anesthesia wears off. Most patients can go home the same day, although some may require an overnight stay.
  2. Pain Management: Mild to moderate pain is common, and your surgeon will prescribe pain medication to manage discomfort.
  3. Postoperative Care: You will receive detailed instructions on how to care for the surgical site, including keeping the area clean and dry, recognizing signs of infection, and managing any dressings or sutures.
  4. Activity Restrictions: You will need to avoid heavy lifting and strenuous activities for a few weeks. Light activities and walking are encouraged to promote circulation and healing.
  5. Follow-Up Appointments: Regular follow-up visits with your surgeon will ensure that you are healing properly and to address any concerns or complications.

Potential Risks and Complications

As with any surgery, there are potential risks, including infection, bleeding, and adverse reactions to anesthesia. Specific to hernia surgery, there may be risks of hernia recurrence, chronic pain, or damage to surrounding tissues. Your surgeon will discuss these risks with you in detail.

Find the Best Hernia Surgeon in Pune

Hernia surgery is a routine procedure with a high success rate. Following your surgeon’s instructions and attending all follow-up appointments, you can expect a smooth recovery and return to normal activities. If you have any concerns or questions, do not hesitate to contact your healthcare provider.

Dr. Abhijit Gotkhinde is a highly experienced hernia surgeon in Pune, dedicated to providing his patients the best care and guidance.