Varicose veins are a common problem generally found in the lower legs. The swelling of the veins makes them darker than usual, making them appear as orange
or blue-tinged bulges near the skin’s surface. Let’s find out about their different causes, symptoms, surgical options, and treatment alternatives.
Symptoms of varicose veins:
The following are common varicose vein symptoms:
- Aching legs
- Throbbing in your legs
- Bleeding from varicose veins
- Skin discoloration around a varicose vein
- Burning, muscle cramping, and swelling in the calf
Medical Treatment Options for varicose veins:
For milder cases, you can often reduce symptoms by changing your lifestyle, such as regular exercise and wearing compression stockings.
This procedure includes injecting a solution into a vein
to scar and close it. The blood will then be re-routed to healthier veins.
- Endovenous laser ablation
A long thin tube (catheter) is inserted into the vein and used to deliver a laser that seals the vein.
- Ambulatory phlebectomy
In this treatment, small cuts are made in the skin throu
gh which varicose veins are removed using surgical hooks or a suction device (aspiration).
Other Prevention Tips:
- Do not stand for a long time, and this helps reduce pressure on the legs; blood circulation can flow normally.
- Exercise regularly, such as walking, cycling, and swimming, to help keep the legs healthy and prevent blood accumulation in the lower limbs.
- Avoid tight clothes like pants, jeans, and stockings.
If you have varicose veins that don’t get treated by sclerotherapy or endovenous laser treatment, then your doctor may advise ligation and stripping
Ligation and stripping is a surgical procedure to remove varicose veins. It is often used to treat saphenous vein reflux, the most common cause of varicose veins.